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Android

Eppo's open source Android SDK can be used for both feature flagging and experiment assignment:

1. Install the SDK

You can install the SDK using Gradle:

implementation 'cloud.eppo:android-sdk:1.0.2'

2. Initialize the SDK

Initialize the SDK with a SDK key, which can be created in the Eppo web interface:

import cloud.eppo.android.EppoClient;

EppoClient eppoClient = EppoClient.init("YOUR_API_KEY");

During initialization, the SDK sends an API request to Eppo to retrieve the most recent experiment configurations such as variation values and traffic allocation. The SDK stores these configurations in memory so that assignments are effectively instant. For more information, see the architecture overview page.

If you are using the SDK for experiment assignments, make sure to pass in an assignment logging callback (see section below).

Define an assignment logger (experiment assignment only)

If you are using the Eppo SDK for experiment assignment (i.e randomization), pass in an AssignmentLogger to the init function on SDK initialization. The SDK will invoke this AssignmentLogger to capture assignment data whenever a variation is assigned.

The code below illustrates an example implementation of a logging callback using Segment. You could also use your own logging system, the only requirement is that the SDK receives a logAssignment function which sends data into a table in your warehouse which Eppo has read access to. Here we create an instance of an AssignmentLogger and configure the EppoClient to use this logger with the EppoClient.Builder helper class:

AssignmentLogger logger = new AssignmentLogger() {
@Override
public void logAssignment(Assignment assignment) {
analytics.enqueue(TrackMessage.builder("Eppo Randomized Assignment")
.userId(assignment.getSubject())
.properties(ImmutableMap.builder()
.put("timestamp", assignment.getTimestamp())
.put("experiment", assignment.getExperiment())
.put("variation", assignment.getVariation())
.build()
);
);
}
};

EppoClient eppoClient = new EppoClient.Builder()
.apiKey("YOUR_API_KEY")
.assignmentLogger(assignmentLogger)
.application(application)
.buildAndInit();

The SDK will invoke the logAssignment function with an Assignment object that contains the following fields:

FieldDescriptionExample
experiment (string)An Eppo experiment key"recommendation-algo-allocation-17"
subject (string)An identifier of the subject or user assigned to the experiment variationUUID
variation (string)The experiment variation the subject was assigned to"control"
timestamp (string)The time when the subject was assigned to the variation2021-06-22T17:35:12.000Z
subjectAttributes (map)A free-form map of metadata about the subject. These attributes are only logged if passed to the SDK assignment function{ "country": "US" }
featureFlag (string)An Eppo feature flag key"recommendation-algo"
allocation (string)An Eppo allocation key"allocation-17"
note

More details about logging and examples (with Segment, Rudderstack, mParticle, and Snowplow) can be found in the event logging page.

3. Assign variations

Assigning users to flags or experiments with a single getStringAssignment function:

import cloud.eppo.android.EppoClient;

EppoClient eppoClient = EppoClient.getInstance(); // requires the SDK to already be initialized
String variation = eppoClient.getStringAssignment("<SUBJECT-KEY>", "<FLAG-OR-EXPERIMENT-KEY>");

The getStringAssignment function takes two required and one optional input to assign a variation:

  • subjectKey - The entity ID that is being experimented on, typically represented by a uuid.
  • flagKey - This key is available on the detail page for both flags and experiments. Can also be an experiment key.
  • subjectAttributes - An optional map of metadata about the subject used for targeting. If you create rules based on attributes on a flag/experiment, those attributes should be passed in on every assignment call.

Starting in version v1.0.0 typed functions are available:

eppoClient.getBooleanAssignment(...)
eppoClient.getDoubleAssignment(...)
eppoClient.getJSONStringAssignment(...)
eppoClient.getParsedJSONAssignment(...)

Handling null

We recommend always handling the null case in your code. Here are some examples illustrating when the SDK returns null:

  1. The Traffic Exposure setting on experiments/allocations determines the percentage of subjects the SDK will assign to that experiment/allocation. For example, if Traffic Exposure is 25%, the SDK will assign a variation for 25% of subjects and null for the remaining 75% (unless the subject is part of an allow list).

  2. Assignments occur within the environments of feature flags. You must enable the environment corresponding to the feature flag's allocation in the user interface before getStringAssignment returns variations. It will return null if the environment is not enabled.

Toggle to enable environment

  1. If getStringAssignment is invoked before the SDK has finished initializing, the SDK may not have access to the most recent experiment configurations. In this case, the SDK will assign a variation based on any previously downloaded experiment configurations stored in local storage, or return null if no configurations have been downloaded.

note

It may take up to 10 seconds for changes to Eppo experiments to be reflected by the SDK assignments.